Communication/Language Development - Communication begins at birth.  The cry of a newborn is language.  Babies learn to communicate before they are able to say words.  Children need to understand verbal and nonverbal ways of communicating.  Provide ample opportunity for children to listen, interact and express themselves freely with other children and adults.  

Cognition- Cognitive skills include the ability to think, to reason, to make adjustments to different play situations and to solve problems.  Adults can guide children’s thinking skills by responding to their child’s interests with new learning opportunities and answering their questions with information and enthusiasm. 


Adaptive/Self-Help Skills – The development of self-help, or sometimes known as self-care or adaptive skills, is largely dependent on a child’s own maturation and internal motivation, and on parental influences.  Self-help skills include dressing/undressing, toileting, bathing, and self-feeding.

Social/Emotional Skills – The way a child interacts with caregivers and plays with toys make up her social skills.  All children need a physically and emotionally secure environment that supports their developing self-knowledge, self-control, and self-esteem and at the same time encourages respect for the feelings and rights of others.  Interactions with adults and caregivers can profoundly affect a child’s social development.

Physical/Motor – Physical development progresses from large motor activity to small muscle activity.  Infants and children need plenty of practice in order to master all characteristics of  motor development